A feature of recent times has been the way that those in authority are becoming more authoritarian. This has come as a by-product of the fact that there has been more central planning often by central banks. The catch has come that in spite of an enormous amount of what was called extraordinary monetary action which now feels normal we are still struggling with the consequences of the credit crunch and seem unable to reach the “escape velocity” promised by the Governor of the Bank of England Mark Carney. Economic growth does not seem to be what it used to be does it?
On that road the central bankers promised success first from interest-rate cuts and then from bond buying or QE (Quantitative Easing) and more recently for even lower and negative interest-rates. That posed its own problems as of course the “innovation” of Forward Guidance had left them promising interest-rate rises but in the case of Governor Carney then delivering a Bank Rate cut whilst promising later cuts. This moved ever more central banks on the edge of or actually in the world of negative interest-rates or what has become known as NIRP (P=Policy). This then led to fear from the central planners as bank notes or cash offer 0% ( if you ignore storage costs and the like) and as official interest-rates go ever lower central banks are afraid that they will lose what power they have if people switch to cash on a large-scale. It would also be quite an own goal by the central planners as the use of electronic methods of payment has made like simpler and more efficient. In other words another possible side-effect for them to look at “another time” when they write self-congratulatory working papers.
More interest-rate cuts remain the recipe
You might think that after so many interest-rate cuts there would be the realisation that the medicine is not working yet instead we see this. From the IMF about Switzerland.
Calibrating the negative interest rate differential so as to discourage persistent inflows that can cause prolonged deflation and weaken activity is appropriate.
Translating that into English means that the next time the Swiss Franc comes under upwards pressure interest-rates should be cut below the present -0.75%. Also the Riksbank in Sweden seems to have come to that conclusion itself as we note this from it.
The Executive Board were unanimous that the repo rate should be held unchanged at –0.50 per cent and assessed that it needed to remain at this level for six months longer than was forecast in September. The probability of the repo rate being cut further has also increased.
That would be intriguing as you see Sweden is perhaps the country which has advanced the most in terms of electronic payments and so a “dash for cash” would be especially destabilising.
Back on the 5th of May I pointed out that the ECB was planning to scrap the 500 Euro note and that the Financial Times was rushing to support the establishment line.
The use of high-denomination notes, in particular the €500 note, is a problem reported by law enforcement authorities,” according to a draft of the plans seen by the Financial Times. “These notes are in high demand among criminal elements . . . due to their high value and low volume.”
It then went on about “gangsters” and “Greek savers” but seemed unaware that the German Bundesbank was not a fan.
There is scant concrete information on the extent to which cash is being used to facilitate illicit activity
Back in February Larry Summers was on the case in the Washington Post.
It’s time to kill the $100 bill
As a side-effect Larry seems to be keen on some weight-training.
a million dollars weighs 2.2 pounds as with the 500 euro note rather than more than 50 pounds as would be the case if the $20 bill was the high denomination note.
US $20 bill as the highest denomination Larry? I have also just been contacted on Twitter by @PeterWarne29 who apparently was watching a chess show yesterday and saw the high priest of this movement Kenneth Rogoff come on and say that high-value notes were used by criminals and tax-evaders. How very Orwellian or perhaps just a bad dream or of course both!
The disappearing 500 and 1000 Rupee Note
From the Reserve Bank of India on Tuesday.
Government of India vide their Notification no. 2652 dated November 8, 2016 have withdrawn the Legal Tender status of ` 500 and ` 1,000 denominations of banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi Series issued by the Reserve Bank of India till November 8, 2016.
So in terms of South Park “It’s Gone” and this does matter because most Indian cash money was in these two notes. It came with something also a bit chilling.
All ATMs and other cash machines will remain shut on November 9, 2016 to facilitate recalibration
Although it was a public holiday even so it makes you think. Even now there are limits.
cash withdrawal from a bank account over the counter shall be restricted to ₹ 10,000/- per day subject to an overall limit of ₹ 20,000/- a week from the date of the notification until the end of business hours on 24th November, 2016, after which these limits shall be reviewed.
Today’s press release tells us everything is fine.
There is enough cash available with banks and all arrangements have been made to reach the currency notes all over the country. Bank branches have already started exchanging notes since November 10, 2016.
Although we may need a financial lexicon for these times version of the concept of fine.
As mentioned in RBI communications, it may take a while for the banks to recalibrate their ATMs; once the ATMs are functional, members of public will be able to withdraw from ATMs upto a maximum of ₹ 2,000 per card per day up to November 18, 2016;
How is it going?
Just for clarity those are not pictures of the queue to get into the England versus India Test Match to watch Virat Kohli bat. The banks have been told to open over the weekend.
Also there is this from the same source.
Maharashtra: Temples sealing donation boxes in Marathwada region so that people don’t try to donate their black money after
There is much to consider in India’s move and let me open with a difference from elsewhere. It has just offered a fixed-rate repo at an interest-rate of 6.25% so we are a long way from NIRP or even ZIRP. With the problems of corruption and tax-evasion in India I am sure there is a fair bit of truth in this from the RBI.
This is necessitated to tackle counterfeiting Indian banknotes, to effectively nullify black money hoarded in cash and curb funding of terrorism with fake notes.
I hope that they have success in that and also that the official claims of a 1.5% increase in GDP as a result turn out to be true. There is an immediate catch in that if the black economy is the size we are told it is then the gain is minor but perhaps I should not be too churlish. However there are clear side-effects as the picture above shows and the Financial Times has pointed out.
It has made it harder to buy vegetables and rice, and hire rickshaws. And, for hundreds of millions of Indians who work in the informal economy, it has brought commerce to a halt. If there is a well-laid plan to mitigate the impact of this surprise crackdown on “black money”, it has yet to reach rural parts, where few Indians have bank accounts or credit cards.
Not much sign of a boost to GDP there! Also are some of those who should be caught able to slip and slide away?
The poor are hit far harder than the rich, who have credit cards and live in places where shops accept them.
I remember watching the excellent BBC 4 documentaries on the Indian railway system and the ( often poor) black market sellers on the trains saw arrest as simply a cost of business. Will this be the same? Also there is the issue of whether it will all just start up again with the new 2000 Rupee notes.
We can expect the traditional Indian love of gold to be boosted by this and maybe also non-government electronic money like Bitcoin. Meanwhile here is a light-hearted suggestion for UK bank notes in the future, it is a joke right?