We find ourselves in an era where central bankers wield enormous power. There is something of an irony in this. They were given the ability to set monetary policy as a way of taking power out of the hands of politicians.This led to talk of “independence” as they set interest-rates to achieve an inflation target usually but not always of 2% per annum. Actually this is the first falsehood because we are regularly told this.
The ECB has defined price stability as a year-on-year increase in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) for the euro area of below 2%
They could also tell me the moon is full of cheese but I would not believe that either. I am amazed how rarely this is challenged but price stability is clearly an inflation rate of 0%, The usual argument that this stops relative price shifts collapsed when the oil price fall of 2015/16 gave us inflation of around 0% as plainly there was a relative price shift for oil and indeed other goods. Perhaps the shrieks of “Deflation” were a type of distraction.
Next has come the way that claimed independence has morphed into collusion with the political establishment. This moves us away from the original rationale which was to take monetary policy power out of the hands of politicians to stop them manipulating it for the electoral cycle. What had apparent success which was technocratic control of interest-rates has morphed into this.
- Interest-Rates around 0%
- Large-Scale purchases of sovereign bonds
- Large-Scale purchases of private-sector bonds
- Credit Easing
- Purchases of equities ( for monetary policy and as a consequence of exchange-rate policy)
- Purchases of commercial property so far via Exchange-Traded Funds or ETFs
Not all central banks have gone all the way down the list with the Bank of Japan being the leader of the pack and who knows may go even further overnight at its unscheduled meeting? I should add as people regularly look at my back catalogue that by the time anyone in that category reads this we may see many central banks at step 6 and maybe going further. But back to my collusion point here is some evidence.
I also confirm that the Asset Purchase Facility will remain in place for the financial year 2020-21.
This is almost a throwaway sentence in the inflation remit from the Bank of England but it is in fact extremely important in two ways, and in tune with today’s theme neither of which are mentioned. The Chancellor Rishi Sunak is reaffirming that Her Majesty’s Treasury is backing the QE ( Quantitative Easing ) policies of the Bank of England which currently are steps 2 to 4 above. Next comes the issue of the amount which is huge even for these times.
The Committee voted by a majority of 7-2 for the Bank of England to continue with the programme of £200 billion of UK government bond and sterling non-financial investment-grade corporate bond purchases, financed by the issuance of central bank reserves, to take the total stock of these purchases to £645 billion.
The 2 dissenters voted for “More! More! More!” rather than less and I expect the extra £100 billion they voted for to be something sung about by The Undertones.
Happens all the time
Its going to happen – happen – till your change your mind
Its going to happen – happen – happens all the time
So we have a doom loop for supporters of independence as the politicians via backing any losses from QE become the masters again and the central bankers become marionettes. As so often we see Japan in the van by the way the Abenomics of Shinzo Abe appointed Governor Kuroda to the Bank of Japan pretty much as they would appoint a minister. It is the most exposed in terms of monetary policy via its 31.4 trillion Yen of equity holdings with a break-even it estimates at around 19,500 in terms of the Nikkei 225 index. Also of course an individual company in which it holds shares could fold.
This had a cacophony of falsehoods as we were promised interest-rate rises which failed to happen. In my own country it became laughable as an unemployment rate of 7% was highlighted and then unemployment rates of 6% and 5% were ignored. Then at Mansion House in June 2014 Governor Mark Carney said this.
There’s already great speculation about the exact timing of the first rate hike and this decision is becoming
It could happen sooner than markets currently expect.
In fact a bit over 2 years later he cut them whilst promising to reduce them further than November to 0.1% before economic reality even reached Threadneedle Street and the latter was redacted. It is hard to believe now but many were predicting interest-rate rises by the ECB in 2019 based on Forward Guidance. Of course the US Federal Reserve did actually give it a go before retreating like Napoleon from Moscow and as we recall the role of President Trump in this I would remind you of my political collusion/control point above.
This area is littered with falsehoods. In Beatles terms it took only a week for this.
Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said he is not thinking of adopting a negative interest rate policy now,
to become this.
The Bank will apply a negative interest rate of minus 0.1 percent to current accounts that financial institutions hold at the Bank.1 It will cut the interest rate further into negative territory if judged as necessary.
As Hard-Fi put it.
Can’t believe it
You’re so hard to beat
Hard to beat
The new Governor of the Bank of England seems to be on the same road to Damascus. From Sky News yesterday.
Mr Bailey told MPs it was now studying how effective that cut had been as well as “looking very carefully” at the experience of other countries where negative rates had been implemented.
On the prospect of negative rates, he said: “We do not rule things out as a matter of principle.
Curious because that is exactly what people had thought he had done several times in this crisis.
There are other areas I could highlight as for example there is the ridiculous adherence to the output gap philosophy that has proved to be consistent only in its failures. But let me leave you via the genius of Christine McVie the central bankers anthem.
Tell me lies
Tell me sweet little lies
Tell me lies, tell me, tell me lies
Oh, no, no, you can’t disguise
(You can’t disguise, no, you can’t disguise)
Tell me lies
Tell me sweet little lies
Me on The Investing Channel